What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the many cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid found in the hemp plant. CBD is the most potentially beneficially useful of all the cannabinoids. It can act as an anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, anti-psychotic, anti-insomnia, antidepressant, anxiolytic, antioxidant, neuroprotective, immunostimulant, and anti-spastic.
The Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system is a system in the body that aids the body in maintaining homeostasis. Homeostasis is like the classic Goldilocks and the Three Bears story with the idea that best result lies somewhere in the middle. We don't want things too hot or too cold, but just right. The endocannabinoid system does that by promoting well being and balance in the whole body.
The human body naturally produces its own cannabinoids, such as 2-Arachidonoyl(2-AG) and Anandamide(AEA), and when they are produced within the body they are called endocannabinoids. When people experince a runners high (the feelings of euphoria after an intense workout) that is actually caused by their own bodies endocannabinoids.
The endocannabinoid system is the network of receptors that interact with cannabinoids; CB1 receptors are found primarily in the brain, and CB2 is located throughout the immune system. The human body naturally produces cannabinoids and this is why the body has endocannabinoid receptors.
CB1 receptors are mainly found in the brain and are responsible for dealing with pain, movement coordination, cognitive abilities (thinking, memory), appetite and emotions. CB1 is actually the most numerous receptor expressed in the human brain.
CB2 receptors are more commonly found in the immune system and have an effect on pain and inflammation. The CB2 receptor is primarily localized in the peripheral aspect of the body (i.e. GI tract, tonsils, spleen, immune cells).
Both receptors serve major roles in homeostasis and biofeedback mechanisms.
When CBD enters the body, it stimulates the body to create more of its own endocannabinoids and helps to regulate the endocannabinoid system.
Types of CBD
Full Spectrum- A whole plant extract containing everything the hemp plant contains including the .3 THC. Even though it is a very small amount of THC, it will most likely cause a positive drug test when used consistently over time. The .3 THC is not enough to be psychoactive or mind altering but it can help the CBD to work better with the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect means that all of the parts of the hemp plant work better together and boost each other up.
Broad Spectrum- Contains parts hemp plant except the .3 THC. This is best if passing a drug test necessary. Some products contain an isolate and terpenes for different effects or to prevent tolerance build up. Some just extract the whole plant and then add an additional process to filter just the THC out.
Isolate- Contains just the CBD compound only. When only an isolate is used regularly a tolerance can build up in 20 to 30 days. Isolates are great for short term use or to supplement with another CBD regimen.